First Grade Benchmarks

North Buncombe Elementary

Benchmark Standards: End of Grade 1

The Buncombe County Board of Education believes that all students can learn and are expected to demonstrate grade level proficiency, based on the requirements as stated in the Common Core Standards.  The Board of Education holds high expectations for students, staff, parents and the community and believes accountability must be shared.

English Language Arts - Literacy

A student must demonstrate grade level performance (Rubric score 3) in the following at the designated accuracy rate.

1.     The student must be able to spell his/her first and last names correctly.

2.    A student must have mastered all consonant sounds whether the consonant is located in the beginning, medial, or final position in a word.

3.     A student must demonstrate the ability to write eight or more sentences on a topic in an organized, sequential manner with a beginning, middle and end showing elaboration including descriptive and supportive details.

4.     A student must be able to demonstrate that a sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a punctuation mark as well as show variation in sentence structure and length.

5.     A student must use conventional, more than inventive spelling, producing a piece that can easily be read by others.

6.    A student must score 90% on a level J book on the Benchmark Assessment with a Comprehension score of Satisfactory or above.  The fluency rate needs to increase throughout the year.  The state goal is for a student to read 90 words a minute with expression.  

7.     A student must be able to identify with automaticity the words on the First Grade Word Wall List when reading.

8.     Students must be able to answer text dependent questions about text they are reading. 

9.     Students work must reflect a working knowledge of the following concepts when decoding and encoding single-syllable words as reflected through his/her Literacy Assessments:

The ability to use long and short vowel sounds using vowel patterns, examples of some of these patterns are:

a.     When two vowels come together the first vowel usually has its long sound- such as aim, eat, see

b.     When there is a vowel followed by a consonant and a silent e the first vowel usually uses its long sound, such as like, nice

c.     When a vowel comes at the end of a short word it usually has its long sound- such as he, me

The ability to use common word endings such as: -s, -ed, -ing

The ability to use diagraphs such as: sh, th, ch, ck, wh

The ability to spell correctly frequently used words that do not follow phonetic generalizations such as: they, want, said

The ability to use consonant clusters/blends in words such as: br, cr, dr, fr, gr, pr, tr, bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sk, sp, st, nd ,mp


The Common Core Standards have five major work of the grade in mathematics.  They are Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Number Operations in Base Ten, Measurement and Data, and Geometry.

A student must demonstrate grade level performance (Rubric Score 3) in the following concepts:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  •  Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction.
  • Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction

  •  Add and subtract within 20.

  •  Work with addition and subtraction equations.

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  •  Extend the counting sequence (1-120).
  •  Understand place value

  •  Use place value understanding properties of operations to add and subtract.


  •  Reason with shapes and their attributes
    1.  A student must be able to identify the following place figures: circle, square, rectangle, triangle, hexagon, rhombus, and trapezoid. 
    2. A student must be able to identify, build and name:: cylinders, cones, and rectangular prisms.

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units.
  • Tell and write time.

  • Represent and interpret data.

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